Getting ready for college doesn’t usually prompt thoughts about bullying, but unfortunately bullying behavior doesn’t end with high school. And before we get one of those rigorously thought out suggestions” about cutting teachers’ salaries so that we can increase the number of teachers, recall that those districts with the highest teacher turnover rates, a condition detrimental to academics as well as creating strong relationships with students, are those districts that struggle to maintain a competitive salary. Then we have the projected teacher shortage to complicate that issue. Do we need a whole state struggling with teacher churn issues” as some districts and most charter schools do? Recall that CA teachers’ salaries are relatively high in the nation, but CA’s cost of living is absolutely high in the nation (#2). And housing costs are astronomical in many areas. And contrary to some opinions teachers do need housing both for themselves and their families.
According to data of the National Center for Educational Statistics , about 15 percent of fourth-graders and 7 percent of eighth-graders in the US reported experiencing bullying at least once a month in 2015. These percentages were lower than the worldwide averages for children in these grades (16 percent resp. 8 percent). What is more, a study led by Dr. Thomas P. Tarshis of Stanford University Medical Center showed 90% of elementary school kids had been subjected to psychological or physical bullying by their peers.
Depression, a health condition associated with both bullying 11 , 14 and HRQOL, 30 , 31 was assessed by using the Chinese version of the Patient Health Questionnaire, whose validity and reliability had been examined 32 , 33 and also validated in Taiwan 34 (Cronbach’s α = 0.82 in this study). Patient Health Questionnaire scores >5 and >10 indicate mild and moderate to severe depression, respectively. Participants also were asked whether they had been diagnosed with any physical or mental disorders. Further, per the adolescent problem behavior framework, 35 the survey inquired whether they had participated in unprotected sex, heavy episodic drinking, and smoking in the past year. Certain characteristics associated with bullying victimization, including younger age, lower household economic status, learning difficulties, motor impairments, 13 , 36 , 37 and other background characteristics, were accounted for in this study.
Cyberbullying usually doesn’t have the component of physical threats, as traditional bullying does. However, the psychological effects of bullying online might be much worse. Cyberbullying is frightening in that the person being bullied never knows when another attack will come, and where it might come from. They often have little protection, as bullies will change user names and hide behind anonymous posts. The result is often serious issues with self-esteem and trust, a greater risk of depression, and even suicide.
If you or someone you know experiences bullying or is living with the effects of intimidation it’s important to know what resources your campus community offers. Most college campuses will offer peer mediation, peer educators, and many paper resources in a designated student center to help students address this form of abuse. Check if your school offers a CyberBullyHotline where instances of agression can be reported anonymously. Additionally, there are many national hotlines and online resources such as that offer support for those who have witnessed or are experiencing bullying behaviors on campus.