Whether it’s overtly aggressive or not, bullying is detrimental to students of all ages. Finally, future research should also attempt to study these issues in a national sample of schools, and examine whether bullying rates and effects on deleterious drinking outcomes differ by region of the country, type of school (e.g., public versus private, two-year versus four-year), living arrangements of students (e.g., off-campus versus on-campus), and fraternity or sorority membership. For example, bullying might be a particularly harmful issue for new freshmen students who are living away from home for the first time, and don’t have the safety of a family home to which to retreat. Also, freshmen who join sororities or fraternities are often subjected to hazing, which usually involves some sort of ritual humiliation, as well as explicit or implicit expectations regarding alcohol consumption 76 , which places bullying conducted in the context of sororities or fraternities at particular risk of association with problematic alcohol use.
Because this study was based on self-report, there is potential reporting bias, as most self-administered surveys might encounter. However, considering that validated measures were used for the main study variables, and that a pilot test, including a test-retest reliability assessment of the bullying-related questions, also was conducted to ensure clarity and appropriateness of the survey items, such bias is likely to be minimal and internal validity is enhanced. Also, the effects of social desirability were reduced given the anonymous nature of this survey. Although this study used the proportional stratified cluster sampling method, future research based on a larger nationally representative sample is warranted to examine if our findings could be replicated.
SPSS 20.0 (IBM SPSS Statistics, IBM Corporation, Chicago, IL) was used to perform all statistical analyses. Descriptive statistics were first examined, and then bivariate associations were evaluated by using analysis of variance (ANOVA). Finally, multivariate linear regression modeling was performed to investigate the associations between bullying experiences and 4 HRQOL domain scores. As recommended by the WHOQOL-BREF Taiwan version working group, the previously noted variables that are likely to affect people’s HRQOL, including depression and adolescent problem behaviors, were controlled for in the analyses.
Transitioning to college can initially be an overwhelming experience. Start small and cultivate a good, working relationship with your roommate If you can get along with your roommate, and all the quirks he or she has, then you’ll be able to get on like a house on fire with just about anyone! College exists as an excellent opportunity to meet students from diverse backgrounds. And while you may have differing political or religious views, this is absolutely no reason to engage in uncivilized behavior. Likewise, classmates with mental or physical disabilities can still fully participate in academic and social activities; disabilities never define who a person is.
To see how past bullying might figure into the mix, the researchers surveyed 413 students at a large northeastern university via email in February of their first year. The results showed reason for optimism, with many students reporting strong friendships and a sense of belonging. In contrast to studies of childhood bullying that find that child victims of bullying report lack of engagement in school and weaker peer relationships in general, our results suggest that previously bullied youth might be hopeful about their college experience,” wrote the authors.